Bonsai is a type of plant art that is thought to have originated in China or Japan, but is now popular throughout the world. Evergreens are often used to create a miniature tree that can be enjoyed indoors or out. Some of the more common species of evergreen bonsai include spruce, cedar, and redwood to name a few. Growing these trees in containers presents some unique challenges, but there are many advantages to doing so as well.
Evergreen bonsai trees need plenty of water and nutrients in order to survive. They generally require only moderate pruning and can easily be formed into a very symmetrical plant. Since evergreen trees do not lose their leaves, these plants remain green year-round; however, these bonsai trees also lose their needles. They have a pleasing aroma and are ideal for decorating as miniature Christmas trees.
How They Are Created
An evergreen bonsai begins with a seedling or small cutting of a larger evergreen tree. This specimen is then placed into a small container where it is cared for until it reaches the intended size. During this growth period, it may be manipulated in several ways to create an aesthetically pleasing shape. This can involve pruning or trimming leaves to remove excess limbs. It can also involve clamping some of the branches or wiring them in order to manipulate the plant to grow in the direction and shape a gardener desires.
Most specimens of evergreen bonsai tree are easy to care for. These plants should be watered occasionally, but do not need to be over-watered. In most cases, watering them two or three times a week is sufficient. Since many varieties can tolerate somewhat dry conditions, it is usually best to under-water them rather than provide too much hydration. If the needles begin to turn brown, growers may want to mist them lightly with water as well.
Unlike other types of bonsai trees, evergreen types generally require much less pruning. This can normally be done in the fall since most of the tree’s growth occurs during the spring and summer months. When pruning this plant, it is important to use shears that have been cleaned and sterilized. Doing so prevents the spread of disease and fungus that could be harmful to an evergreen bonsai.
This tree requires regular fertilizing. The amount of fertilizer needed is generally higher during the spring and early summer months. During this time, adding a high nitrogen fertilizer twice a month is typically recommended. From mid to late summer, a regular fertilizer can be added once or twice a month. During fall and winter, the plant may need only occasional fertilizing.
Some varieties are able to thrive in filtered sunlight; however direct sunlight is recommended for most specimens of evergreen bonsai. As such, these plants should be placed in a sunny window that is free from drafts if grown indoors. Outdoor trees should be placed in an area that is protected from high winds to ensure the plant does not get knocked over during a storm.
Since these trees are miniature versions of regular-sized evergreens, this means they also produce cones. Even so, the cones may be somewhat smaller than they normally would be otherwise. Like large evergreen trees, these cones normally drop off at various times throughout the year and contain tiny seeds inside them. A few specimens of evergreen bonsai tree that can be expected to produce cones are needle juniper, silver fir, and many varieties of spruce tree.
Creating A Display
An evergreen bonsai can be placed in nearly any type of container as long as it provides for adequate drainage. A shallow container between one to three inches deep is usually ideal for one of these plants. Even so, it is extremely important to make sure the pot is wide enough to accommodate the root system of the tree. Evergreen bonsai trees may need to be repotted every two to three years to accommodate new growth.
While an evergreen bonsai can be the focal point of the container, it is easy to add decorative matter to make an interesting display. Some gardeners like to cover the bottom of the container with moss or pine straw to create the illusion of a miniature forest. Others prefer adding colorful rocks or marbles around the base of the tree. Evergreen bonsai trees can be grouped together to fill an empty spot in a room, or they can be placed individually to draw attention to a shelf or table. They make nice accents to indoor fountains as well.
Evergreen bonsai trees can be a good way to enjoy the beauty of nature no matter where they are placed. These specimens are hardy and long-lasting ones that are typically easy to care for as well. This makes them a good choice for both beginning and advanced gardeners who would like to add to their plant collections.