A bonsai is a form of art from the Japanese in which a small tree is created. It transforms ordinary plants into excellent bonsai using age-old methods. The cherry bonsai bloom tree is one of the most frequent decorative trees to utilise when making ideal, beautiful trees that bear beautiful flowers.
Cherry bonsai trees go by a variety of names. Japanese Cherry Bonsai, Hill Cherry Bonsai, East Asian Cherry Bonsai, and Oriental Cherry Bonsai are all names for the same thing. Peaches, plums, almonds, and apricots are all representatives of the Prunus genus of plants.
The prunus serrulata is the most prominent of the 420 variations of this plant. Cherry blossom bonsai blooms may be found throughout the world, not just in Japan. China and Korea are also home to this species.
During the Nara period (710–794) in Japan, the ritual of admiring and appreciating cherry blossoms, known as Sakura, developed. The brief period when the cherry bloomed has become a national obsession and a significant occasion for the Japanese.
As you could expect, many cherry blossom Bonsai trees are kept in Japan.
The cherry blossom is a bloom found on various cherry trees belonging to the Prunus genus. The Japanese cherry, Prunus serrulata, is the most well-known species, and it is to it when we talk of cherry blossoms.
Cherries are typically small trees that reach heights of up to 4,5 metres. However, some varieties can reach heights of up to 30 metres. With age, the trunk darkens and becomes gnarled. The most common Japanese decorative flowering species used in bonsai are Prunus serrulata, Prunus kurilensis, Prunus incisa, and Prunus subhirtella varieties. However, common fruit species such as Prunus avium and Prunus cerasus could also be used.
How long does it take to grow Cherry Blossom Bonsai?
Growing a cherry bonsai tree from a seed or cutting takes two or three years. It is during this time when the tree will begin to show signs of beautiful bloom. This is often the first sign that any tree has matured, and most owners are going to be pleased with the care they have provided their tree.
Even though it is a flowering tree at three years, a cherry blossom tree might take up almost eight years to reach full growth. The tree’s development will stall at this point, and you’ll be able to leave it alone without needing to wire it each season.
Typically, this is that time when any amount of labour required of one’s cherry blossom decreases, and you could begin to leave it to grow without adding other nutrients. When your cherry blossom tree reaches adulthood at the age of 8, you’ll be happy to discover that many of the cherry blossoms live for almost 40 years.
World’s many oldest bonsai trees, the majority of which are cherry blossoms, are well over a hundreds of years old.
Cherry tree bonsai require less sunlight compared to other bonsai species, and they react well to training as well as shaping. Proper wiring is crucial for growing and creating a healthy bonsai tree. Wiring is a process of wrapping any wire around one’s bonsai branches to move them to get the desired shape.
Wiring a cherry tree bonsai can be done at any time of year. Although, it’s ideal to do it in the fall or winter. This is so to avoid spoiling of the delicate buds and fresh growth during the spring as well as summer. Pro Tip: Do not leave the wire on for more than half a year at a time.
Cherry bonsai plants should be planted in a full-sun location. This tree needs a lot of sun to grow and build its trunk, branches, and leaves, but it also requires three months of cold weather. This would be simple, especially if you live in a climate with four distinct seasons, but cultivating cherry blossom bonsais would be more challenging otherwise.
During the growing season, cherry trees require a huge amount of water. Make sure that the rootball does not dry out significantly when the blooms and fruit development. Alternatingly, waterlogged rootballs are going to rot. You must always make sure of sufficient drainage. If at all possible, use rainwater, as cherries dislike calcareous water.
Humidity and Temperature
Warm spring, humidity, summer temperatures, and moderate cold temperatures are all favourable for this bonsai. As a result, like most bonsai species, they do perfectly when grown all year outdoors. Although they are pretty frost tolerant and may withstand brief periods of freezing temperatures, these trees must be protected from severe frost and extremely cold winter climates.
Cherry tree bonsai prefer partial sun and cannot endure full sun since the delicate blossoms and foliage can be burned quickly. Choosing a spot that gets dappled morning and evening light is shaded in the afternoon is preferable.
Sufficient drainage is the most crucial factor to consider when it comes to the soil for cherry tree bonsai. It’s usually advisable to use commercially available bonsai soil, as these potting mixtures are explicitly designed for bonsai trees. Cherry tree bonsai grow best in slightly acidic soil with a 5.5 to 6.5 pH.
How to Plant and Grow Cherry Blossom Bonsai
Are you willing to know how to plant and grow Prunus cerasifera Bonsai? Listed below are the things you need to know to develop a healthy Prunus cerasidera Bonsai.
Pruning and wiring
It’s challenging to keep a cherry bonsai in good shape. Once done flowering, pick and shorten older branches as needed, but be sure to leave the leaf buds on the branches you are willing to maintain. Allow the fresh shoots to develop organically for a while.
They often die back if they are clipped too short. Late in the warm moths, the buds of flowers for the following season start to create. Long branches can be trimmed in the autumn, leaving from two to five nodes. You can cut larger stems and, if necessary, wire the tree in the winter or during early spring before new growth emerges. If no leaf buds are left on branches that were pruned too short, they may die after flowering. Prunus incisa, on the other hand, buds more consistently than other species of cherry.
When the tree has no leaves, wiring is most accessible. Although old branches of the tree are stiff as well as brittle, they may often be bent with the guy wires. Younger twigs are more malleable and could be readily bent with wire. During the growing season, you can wire the fresh shoots.
Replanting and Potting
Although elder trees can be repotted every three to five years, cherry tree bonsai should be repotted in two years. The optimal time to repot a tree is before it blooms in the spring.
When selecting a new pot for one’s bonsai, there are various factors to consider. Bonsai pots are made to match the tree’s aesthetic, provide appropriate drainage, limit root growth, as well as even feature wiring holes for helping with branch wiring.
Keep in mind one thing. According to bonsai guidelines, height of the pot and breadth should not be more than 2/3 of the height of the tree and width. This is for both function (root restriction) and aesthetic and design reasons. Once you’ve repotted a cherry tree bonsai, please keep it in a little shaded position until the tree has established itself. Over-exposure is especially dangerous for your newly repotted bonsai.
Seed, air-layering, cuttings and grafting are all ways of propagating the cherry. In most circumstances, seedlings are not going to inherit the features of the mother plant. Hardwood cuttings should be taken before the opening of the buds in the spring, while semi-hardwood cuttings should be taken in the summer. Most garden centre cultivars are grafted, then the rootstock often develops faster than scion, resulting in an unsightly bulge.
How to take care of your Cherry Blossom Bonsai
Cherry blossom trees are deciduous trees that bloom in the spring, with lovely blooms covering the tree and falling on its base, giving it a natural appearance. The pink and white flowers are grouped in two or five flower clusters. The leaves alternately grow and become yellow, crimson, or red in the autumn.
The tree’s sizeable green canopy is supported by a single stem, giving it a spacious appearance with extended limbs. The trunk is chestnut-brown in hue and contains horizontally distributed lenticels. After the blooms bloom in the spring, the tree produces a dark coloured fruit.
Bonsai should be kept in conditions that are conducive to their growth. The cherry blossom bonsai should be kept in a cool location during the winter. Bonsai trees remain dormant and do not produce any flowers or fruit throughout the winter, lasting around three months.
Diseases and pests
Unfortunately, cherry bonsai trees are susceptible to a variety of diseases and pests. Aphids, caterpillars or other insects like scale, gall mites, spider mites, mealy bugs attack these bonsais. It is also susceptible to bacterial illnesses like canker and black knot. Certain fungal diseases such as powdery mildew, rust, crown leaf spot, and root rot, as well as verticillium wilt also attack the beautiful cherries.
A virus causes cherry raspberry leaf. In such circumstances, use a particular pesticide or, in more problematic cases, seek assistance from a well-trained gardener. Chlorosis can be caused by watering using calcareous water regularly.