What is Juniper Bonsai & Care GuideLearn all about Juniper Bonsai Trees and how to take care of them.
|Scientific/Botanical Name||Juniperus chinensis|
|Description||Juniper trees belong to the Cypress family of plants. The trees are coniferous, and their growing habits range from low-growing shrubs to tall trees that reach heights of 15 to 16 feet. Juniper wood has a rich, red hue. The hardness of the wood makes it highly suitable for cabinetry. Juniper trees produce berries that are valued as spices, and for flavoring gin. They are also used in Scandinavian dishes.|
|Position||Grow the plant in a location that receives more than four hours of sunlight each day, and in soil that tends toward dryness.|
|Watering||Junipers prefer soil that is slightly dry, but it should not be exposed to prolonged dryness. It is best to water the plant well, allowing for proper drainage, and then allow the soil to become dry before watering again. The juniper bonsai tree needs a certain level of humidity for optimal growth. This can be accomplished by misting the leaves regularly and/or using a humidity tray on which to set the plant pot.|
|Feeding||Feed the tree with half-strength liquid fertilizer once a month in during the spring and fall seasons. Do not feed the juniper tree in the summer months. Also, do not fertilize the tree immediately after it has been re-potted.|
|Leaf and Branch Pruning||Spring and summertime are the best seasons for pruning the juniper tree. New shoots should be pinched back once they reach a length of one inch. This can be continued from spring until the middle of September.|
|Re-potting & Growing Medium||Growing junipers in containers will retard their growth. They fare much better when grown in the ground in regular garden soil. If grown in pots, juniper bonsai trees under 10-years-of-age should be re-potted every two years. Those older than 10 years should be re-potted every three or four years. Root pruning should be undertaken at the time of re-potting.|
|Wiring||Juniper bonsai trees do take well to wiring, but care should be taken so as not to damage the plant. Wire cutters should always be used when wiring is undertaken.|
|Notes||The juniper bonsai tree is more inclined to thrive on neglect rather than on being pampered. The tree dislikes too much watering or too much feeding.|
Possibly one of the most popular bonsai trees on the market is the beautiful Juniper bonsai tree. This type of bonsai tree is found in numerous countries all around the globe. There are more than fifty different varieties of Juniper bonsai tree available. Some of the more popular varieties include the Needle Juniper bonsai tree and the Chinese Juniper bonsai tree. They are also one of the easiest bonsai trees to care for, making it an excellent choice for individuals who are new to the world of owning a bonsai tree. It is one of the few bonsai trees that can be placed indoors or outdoors. With the right amount of light and humidity, the Juniper bonsai tree can thrive in any condition.
Dissimilar to a large number of bonsai tree types, the Juniper bonsai tree does not mind drying out between getting watered. However, it is still important for owners to take a look at the soil each day to figure out when to water the Juniper bonsai tree. To determine if the Juniper bonsai tree needs more water, individuals should do what is called the “chopstick method.” Take an ordinary wooden chopstick and stick it about an inch or two into the soil. Let it sit there for about ten minutes. Take out the chopstick and examine it. If it is damp, that means the soil is still wet and the Juniper bonsai tree does not need more water. If it is dry, then it is time to water the bonsai tree. When watering the Juniper bonsai tree, make sure the water is able to drain. If the water does not drain, it can cause the roots of the bonsai tree to rot.
It is also good to have a spray bottle handy to lightly spray the foliage. This not only helps them to breathe, but especially in the case of Juniper bonsai trees that are kept indoors, it will help the foliage breathe better. The spraying method is also important for Juniper bonsai trees that have recently been re-potted. The roots need a bit of time to settle and be able to get water to the tree. By spraying the foliage, owners prevent the bonsai tree from becoming dehydrated.
While it is okay to keep the Juniper bonsai tree inside the home, they can adapt to being outdoors and that is where a majority of people like to keep theirs. While the Juniper bonsai tree can handle full, direct sunlight, it is best to put it in a place where it can get afternoon shade. If keeping the Juniper bonsai tree inside the house. Make sure it is put in a light and airy location where it can get the sunlight it needs.
For all bonsai trees, humidity is an important part of the growth cycle. Many people place a humidity try right underneath a potted Juniper bonsai tree to ensure a high level of humidity is reached. The pot, however, should not sit directly in water as this can submerge the roots and cause rotting. Without the proper amount of humidity, the Juniper bonsai tree will wither up and die.
The Juniper bonsai tree should be treated with fertilized roughly once every three weeks. During the spring months, it is best to utilize a fertilizer that is high in levels of nitrogen. In the summer, a balanced fertilizer is the most optimal choice. During the fall, it is best to use a fertilizer that is low in levels of nitrogen. Because the Juniper bonsai tree is dormant in the winter, it does not need any fertilizer during the winter months, but still do not forget to water it!
Juniper Bonsai Trees and Their Benefits
Juniper bonsai trees are often considered the easiest of all bonsai trees to grow because of its durability in the sunlight and its versatility. The primary reason they are so easy to grow is, unlike other bonsai trees that are categorized as being either indoor or outdoor plants, the Juniper bonsai tree can be raised either outdoors or indoors, whatever the owner prefers. However, it has been noted that Juniper bonsai trees do prefer to be raised outdoors rather than indoors. Some people put them in containers, which is okay but it can restrict the growth potential of the Juniper bonsai tree. They are not very demanding when it comes to being placed outside and can be placed in run-of-the-mill garden soil.
Another benefit of the Juniper bonsai tree is that it is actually okay to neglect it. While this may sound quite odd, the truth is that the Juniper bonsai tree can actually die if it is over-fed or over-watered. Like most other bonsai trees, the Juniper bonsai tree is dormant during the winter months and does not need to be fed or watered often. Those who keep their Juniper bonsai tree outdoors but live in cold winter climate areas should bring their Juniper bonsai tree in so it will not die. However, even during dormancy, do not forget that it still needs some sunlight!
The Juniper bonsai tree is a great choice for all bonsai tree enthusiasts – from beginners all the way up to experienced professionals. It is a beautiful looking tree that can definitely add some character to any room in the house, or be a perfect addition to a Zen garden or oriental-inspired garden area.