Growing a bonsai tree is a unique hobby that provides the opportunity to grow a miniature tree in your own home. The small size of the bonsai makes it an ideal potted plant to place on a desk, dining table or an outdoor garden. However different types of bonsai require different methods of care and attention. To find the best bonsai trees, it’s important to understand the types of plants to choose from, and the origins of this unique shrub.
Most trees in the wild are much too large to keep within a simple pot, so people commonly believe that a bonsai is a type of hereditary dwarf plant. This is actually not true, and in fact a bonsai is a normal tree that may grow in different shapes and sizes. Some mountainous species of bonsai grow quite large, while lowland versions of the same tree are picked because of their smaller size and are thus called bonsai trees.
The bonsai requires continual upkeep to maintain. No matter what type of bonsai plant you decide to buy, they will all require a fair amount of pruning and maintenance.
In fact, it’s the upkeep of the bonsai that is supposed to function as a type of meditative practice and an art form. A bonsai grower may carefully prune and sheer the tree as it grows in order to help the plant symmetrically match the style of the pot.
Bonsai enthusiasts attest that this process helps the owner learn about the importance of carefully tending to a living organism, while also helping the owner clear one’s mind of day-to-day stresses and refocusing energy on the careful maintenance involved with the art of gardening.
Finding The Best Bonsai Tree
The bonsai comes in many varieties, which makes it possible to choose from a variety of styles to find the one that relates the most to your aesthetic taste. Each type requires different methods of care, so pick a bonsai tree that is most appealing to you in terms of style and maintenance.
Many beautiful varieties of the bonsai are deciduous, meaning that their leaves change color and drop along with the seasons. You will find Japanese red maple and cherry bonsai trees, as well as various other varieties that turn to lush colors around autumn.
Such a tree may become stark during wintertime, but the deciduous tree allows you to observe the changing of the seasons, something that many bonsai owners find to be pleasant.
A deciduous tree requires outdoor care, with temperatures above 35 degrees Fahrenheit. It should be taken inside after temperatures drop below freezing during winter periods. Deciduous trees require special attention to minimize outdoor pests.
An evergreen bonsai is similar to a pine tree, in that it remains green all season long. This type of bonsai includes cypress, cedar, pine and spruce varieties. Among bonsai, this requires considerable less maintenance.
They can be kept inside, in a relatively cool location, and they require some sunlight, especially in the mornings. Gardeners often keep this type of bonsai near a window, but they remove it in the afternoon to avoid intense mid-day sunlight that could be too harsh.
A flowering bonsai creates flowers, or fruit. This includes the Chinese perfume tree, or the Chinese flowering white serissa. These trees maintain their namesake by providing pleasant citrus aromas like orange and lemon.
A flowering tree may be kept inside, and may also come in deciduous or evergreen varieties. It’s especially important to keep such a tree supplied with fertilizer to enhance the nutrients needed for flower production.
Easiest Bonsai Trees
For a new grower who is deciding among different types of bonsai plants, it may be appealing to find the easiest one that requires the least maintenance. Some of the lower maintenance bonsai plants include:
Bromelide Bonsai Plants
This Central American bonsai is unique among bonsai trees in that it does not require soil to grow. Amazingly, this bonsai’s roots remain unprotected, and it may require less upkeep versus other plants. It has a unique tropical appearance with bristly leaves.
Norfolk Island Pine
An easy to grow indoor bonsai. The Norfolk Island pine is perfectly happy near a window for a bit of sunlight, and it’s easy to prune and shear.
This traditional bonsai is also called the Chinese Taro or Buddha’s Hand. It produces a lemon-yellow fruit that is decorative, albeit inedible. The tree is said to be fairly easy to maintain. They are also implicated in various types of traditional Chinese medicine.
Important Bonsai Tools
Once you decide on the best bonsai plant, there are some essential tools that you may need for your garden. This includes pruning shears, an indoor humidifier, root rakes, and specialized fertilizers.
Although finding a basic, easy-to-grow bonsai is fairly straightforward, the implementation of these tools will ensure the long-term health of your plant. Fortunately, the bonsai is a slow growing tree that will provide plenty of time for the owner to become acquainted with the necessary care and maintenance required for the plant.
The bonsai is an excellent gift, as people traditionally pick a bonsai tree as old as the recipient, and so it’s not uncommon for a child to receive such a tree to help teach about the importance of caring and maintaining living things.
For thousands of bonsai enthusiasts across the world, the plant provides an opportunity to relax and reflect on the simpler things in life, and perhaps as you gain insight into bonsai cultivation, you will also experience the benefit of the hobby.