Bonsai Tree Care

Bonsai Tree Care

When people hear the term “bonsai tree”, most likely they begin to think about a small tree that is growing in a small pot, and then they connect with Asian culture. Those who know about the art of bonsai trees know that it is more than just a “small tree in a small pot”, but something that takes a great deal of care, time, and dedication. Those who do not know much about bonsai trees think that it is an oversimplified form of gardening. But the truth of the matter is that there is so much more than just some simple gardening.

While “bonsai” is a Japanese word meaning “planting on a low pot”, this art form actually started off in China. However, it was the Japanese who grew and expanded the art form to make it much more aesthetic, and then shipped it off to all the corners of the world. Bonsai is also associated with Zen philosophy, a part of Buddhist culture focusing on mediation and enlightenment. It is said that tending to a bonsai tree is a Zen-like task that can bring about meditation and relaxation. Therefore, it is much more than “oversimplified gardening”, but a beautiful art form and a fun hobby.

For those interested in taking up bonsai trees as a hobby, it is first important to understand all the maintenance aspects about bonsai trees as well as the materials and the tools that are necessary in ensuring a perfectly healthy, properly growing, and beautiful bonsai tree.

Basic Guidelines

While it is not difficult to care for and maintain a bonsai tree, there are some basic guidelines regarding maintenance that need to be followed when it comes to a bonsai tree. Bonsai trees are much more delicate than a typical indoor plant and following these guidelines will help the bonsai live a long, long life.

Bonsai Tree Soil & Orchid Mix

Soil & Orchid Mix

One of the conditions that is completely in the bonsai gardener’s control is the type of soil in which they plant their tree or shrub. Bonsai soils can actually be an issue among gardeners. Many believe pre-mixed soils are the best, but they are expensive per pound and anyone with a large tree or numerous smaller ones could be apprehensive, especially with a new tree.

Watering Bonsai Trees


When it comes to watering bonsai trees, how much and how often it is watered is based on a large number of factors, including the climate, size of the bonsai tree, and of course the bonsai tree species. Individuals need to monitor the water amount in the bonsai tree. The bonsai tree soil should always be moist but it should not be oversaturated as this can cause the roots to rot and decay.

Bonsai Tree Feeding & Fertilizers


Because a bonsai tree is placed in a small pot, it is necessary to regularly fertilize the bonsai tree to ensure that it continues to get all the essential nutrients. There are three primary nutrients – nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. The nitrogen enhances stem and leaf growth, phosphorous boosts health growth of the bonsai tree roots, and potassium increase the growth of any flowers or fruits that bloom on the bonsai tree.

Bonsai Tree Repotting


Regular re-potting of a bonsai tree is essential to ensure the bonsai tree does not starve and get pot bound. By repotting the bonsai tree, it will guarantee the bonsai continues to flourish and grow. Repotting a bonsai tree often depends on the bonsai tree species and the size of the pot being used. Bonsai trees that are fast growing require re-potting once every two years; while more mature bonsai trees can go three to five years before needing to be re-potted.

Bonsai Tree Positiong & Location


It is important to look for specific information regarding where to position the bonsai tree as every bonsai tree species is different. For outdoor bonsai trees, it is best to position them in a spot that gets lots of sun for parts of the day, but still ample amount of shade as well. Bonsai trees that are kept indoors should be put in a bright location in the home. Some indoor bonsai trees require an abundance of direct sun while others need some shade.

Bonsai Tree Containers & Pots


Selecting the right pot for your tree and décor is one of the first and most important steps in setting up the bonsai. Picking the right pot requires the gardener keep several concerns in mind. Planting in the smallest size possible is important when choosing a pot for the bonsai. The pot has to be large enough to adequately hold the plant and allow its roots to grow steadily, but small enough to confine and control the growth so it is limited to that container for a long time.

Bonsai Tree Pests & Diseases

Pests & Diseases

Bonsai are susceptible to pests and diseases, as most of them grow in an outdoor garden rather than an indoor one. Some species, including quince, are more susceptible to disease as their root systems are weak and prone to damage. Harmful microbes enter through the damaged areas.

Bonsai Tree Tools & Supplies

Tools & Supplies

While a plethora of materials and tools are not required, some basic materials and tools are needed to maintain the bonsai tree and craft a beautiful one. Materials for a bonsai tree include pot, humidity tray, a device to measure the water amount in the soil (rather than the chopstick method discussed above), and fertilizer.

Indoor Bonsai Tree Care

Indoor Bonsai Care

Indoor bonsai trees are very delicate and sensitive. They require special care and attention. Growing a bonsai tree can be a very daunting task. Growers should know some basic concepts so they won’t mess up their very first bonsai project. This will help people take care of indoor bonsai trees and ensure perfect growth.

Outdoor Bonsai Tree Care

Outdoor Bonsai Care

Caring for your outdoor bonsai tree is not difficult but it is necessary to keep your tree healthy and happy for years to come. Your bonsai has a dormant season during the winter months and needs cold or cool temperatures during dormancy. This means you can’t take your bonsai inside your home when the weather cools off as it needs the dormant period for proper growth.

Growing Bonsai Trees From Seed

Growing Bonsai From Seed

Bonsai trees grow very slowly from seed. Depending on the species, you may have to wait months for the seed to germinate. Some slow-growing or finicky species may even require several seasons to break through their seed coats. But if you’re willing to invest the time, you will be greatly rewarded. A bonsai grown from seed and well-cared for over the years can be uniquely shaped and passed down from generation to generation.

10 Steps To Good Bonsai

Ten Steps To Good Bonsai

Bonsai trees require a greater commitment than growing regular types of plants. Bonsai growers should always bear in mind that the appearance and age of a bonsai tree forms the basis for its price and beauty. A bonsai tree must be pruned, trimmed and shaped until the desired size and results are attained.

How To Care For Bonsai Trees With Brown Leaves

How To Revive A Bonsai Tree With Brown Leaves

Bonsai Trees are tiny versions of full-sized trees, and have gained a lot of popularity over the years. However, if they aren’t cared for properly, they could wilt or even die. Brown leaves could mean that your Bonsai is having a hard time. Regardless of why your Bonsai has brown leaves, it will need immediate attention. Recovery is not guaranteed, but this article will introduce some steps to take that might save your Bonsai Tree.

How To Keep Small Leaves With Bonsai Trees

How To Keep Bonsai Tree Leaves Small

Most people know that the purpose of a bonsai tree is that the beauty of a fully-grown, aged tree is mimicked in miniature. Not only is the trunk of the tree miniaturized by specific selection, planting and pruning techniques, but so are the leaves. Without a process to encourage the growth of miniature leaves, then the bonsai tree would appear to be off-balance, and the scale of the leaves in comparison to the overall plant would completely ruin the artful effect of realism.

How To Care For Bonsai Trees With Yellow Leaves

How To Care For A Bonsai Tree If It Looks Yellow

Sometimes a bonsai’s leaves will start to turn yellow. While some yellowing is normal, especially with certain species, too many yellow leaves could indicate a problem. If you’re a novice bonsai grower, you may be tempted to worry, but there are some tips you can follow if this begins to happen.

How To Care For A Dying or Sick Juniper Bonsai Tree

How To Care For A Sick Or Dying Juniper Bonsai Plant

Perhaps you’ve noticed your juniper bonsai looking a little under the weather. Its needles appear brown and brittle and it’s not as perky as it once was. If you suspect your little tree is experiencing distress, it is best to act very quickly. The sooner you come to your bonsai’s aid, the better.

Bonsai Tree Tools & Supplies

Bonsai Tree Materials and Tools

While a plethora of materials and tools are not required, some basic materials and tools are needed to maintain the bonsai tree and craft a beautiful one. Materials for a bonsai tree include pot, humidity tray, a device to measure the water amount in the soil (rather than the chopstick method discussed above), and fertilizer. For those just starting with bonsai trees, here are some basic tools that are required.

10 Things To Avoid When Growing Bonsai Trees

10 Things To Avoid When Growing Your Bonsai Tree

These ten simple tips will help all bonsai growers to keep their plants healthy and alive. Avoid doing these common problems and follow the advice to make the most of each bonsai tree.

Deadwood Bonsai Technique

Deadwood Bonsai Techniques

Practical and aesthetic practices support the application of deadwood techniques. These old tree specimens are commonly found and collected. Dead wood can also be present on a bonsai due to pest infestation or branch die-back. It can also appear due to disease that the plant has encountered. The artist has the option to let dead wood stay on the plant or have it removed. However, removing the dead wood on the bonsai plant can harm the aged illusion it depicts.

Bonsai Tree Temperature


Bonsai trees have the same needs as other plants. They need water, light and a suitable temperature. A bonsai grower should be aware of these requirements. The success of bonsai growth depends on these factors. However, there are different types of bonsai. Each has their own needs that the grower should provide.